For a long time Scientists have been searching for some places where there could be element of life. A habitable place for man. This is because they know that earth is not going to be here forever, it will somehow be destroyed one day.
No Wonder Stephen Hawking, one of the great Scientists of the world said in his last words, that we must continue to go into space for the future of humanity. He doesn’t think we will be able to survive another thousand years without escaping or leaving this planet. He encourage that as long as there is life, there is hope and one day Scientists will find a place cool enough for humans to habit.
That dream is becoming a reality as Scientists have recently discovered a planet called Kepler-1649c.
This was discovered by a team of scientists, using data from NASA’s Kepler space telescope. They discovered the Earth-size exo-planet moving around its star in the Star’s habitable zone. That is, the region around a star where a planet can support liquid water and hence, habitable.
This planet is located around 300 light-years from the Earth. It is very similar to the Earth in size, as it is only 1.06 times bigger than the planet Earth. The amount of star light it receives from its host star is 75% of the amount of light the Earth receives from our star, the sun. This account for the similarities in average temperatures.
The challenge however is, the host star is a red dwarf. (Our sun is a yellow dwarf). Red dwarfs are known for stellar flare-ups. [Steller flare is a sudden eruption of magnetic energy on the surface of a star. If this ejection is in the direction of a planet, it will penetrate it’s atmosphere and cause considerable damage to life]. This might make the environment of kepler-1649c challenging for any potential life.
However, out of the exo-planets discovered so far, kepler-1649c is particularly exciting as it is one of the best matches to earth in terms of size and energy received from its star. They also discovered that the system is extremely stable and likely to survive for a long time.